sity. He has worked in the field of Latin American affairs since he came out of the army after the last war. Since then he has written or edited more than twenty books and his monographs and articles on Latin America number about three hundred. In addition, he is a prolific reviewer and edits three periodicals dealing with Latin America. Graham Stuart has written widely on the subjects of international relations and Latin America. Professor of political science at Stanford University, he has lectured at many American universities and has also served as visiting Carnegie lecturer at the Universities of Toulouse, Poitiers, and Montpelier. In 1941 he made a tour of observation and study of the principal countries of South America at the invitation of the Carnegie
Endowment of International Peace. DEJ tkr Perkins is chairman of the department! of history at the University of Rochester and author of a number of books on the Monroe Doctrine. During the last war he served in the infantry as first lieutenant and then as captain, and after the war, from February to June, 1919, he worked in connection with the Peace Conference, The Editor of the Virginia Quarterly Review, Archibald Rolling Shepperson, entered the national service in September, HH2, as a Lieutenant in the United States Naval Reserve. Three of the Advisory Editors of the Quarterly have also entered into war service. With this issue Charlotte Kohler, as Managing Editor, assumed the direction of the magazine with the assistance of the editorial board.
THE VIRGINIA QVARIERLY REVIEW
Charlotte Ko/i/er, Managing Editor
James Southall Wii.sox Jonx Calvix Metcali-
Garrard Glexx Thomas Perkixs Aherxethv
In the national service Archibald Hollixo Sheim »er «ox Hardy C. Dillard
R. K. Goocn Fraxk A. Geldard
Ashley G. Davis. Secretary j
A National Journal of Literature and Discussion published since 1925 on the fifteenth of March, June. September, and December. Subscription rates: one year, $3.00; two years, $5.00. Canadian and Foreign: one year, $3.50; two years, $(5.00. Single copies, 75 cents, Indexed in The Headers’ Guide to Periodical Ulerahu and in Public Affairs Information Service. Title page and annual index available in November.
Manuscripts must be accompanied by postage for return and addressed to The Editor. The magazine docs not assume responsibility for the views expressed by contributors of articles.
All letters relative to advertising and other business matters should he addressed to The Managing Editor.
editorial and publication- omens: oxk west raxoe, Charlottesville, vmoixia i
vi Here’s a marvellous convenient place for our rehearsal”
Not before has the Virginia Quarterly Review devoted one issue primarily to one topic. In the present case it seemed almost foreordained that it should do so. Two hundred years ago, in space just a few miles of red clay and purple hills away from Number 1, West Range, Thomas Jefferson was born. Of three achievements listed on his tombstone, not that he was third President but that he was father of the University of Virginia, is recorded as one. Almost twenty years ago the first president of that University founded this Review, under the auspices of Jefferson’s University. Its first editor, who is also permitted to write these words, had St. Thomas of Monticello consciously in mind when he wrote the first editorial announcing the policy of the magazine,—a platform from which no one of five editors has been errant. Its aim was “to be liberal but reasonable,” seeking the “fellowship of uncongenial minds.” When the editors planned this Jefferson number, their list of suggested themes for articles ran to nearly thirty. It became necessary to confine the scope. In commemorating this bicentennial of a birth it was thought better to celebrate not the man who “was buried” on the hillside of Monticello but the spirit that still speaks to men from the far-seeing top of the little mountain. So, this number has sought to present Thomas Jefferson as a burning issue to-day. In making him and his ideas occupy the principal place in the magazine, the editors hope they have helped advance the cause of freedom and democracy at a time when the nation he helped to found is fighting for its continued existence and for the continuance of men’s rights of “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” elsewhere.
It is in accord with contemporaneous interest that the issue is opened with a letter from “Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Roosevelt” through the pen of Dumas Mat,one, Director of the Harvard Press. One
time professor at the University of Vit-ginia and the successor to Allen Johnson as editor of the Dictionary of Americao Biography, author of biographies of Thomas Cooper and Edwin Anderson Alderman, Mn. Mai.one has for sometime been preparing to write a new life o( Thomas Jefferson.
“Architect of the All-Amcricnn System” reached the Quarterly from South America, where its author, Claude G. Bowebs, has been as Ambassador to Chile since 1935). Before that he was Ambassador to Spain from 1933 to 1939. For a number of years he was a political editorial writer on the New York World and in 1928 he was Chairman of the Democratic National Convention. An historian of note, he is the author of “The Party Battles of the Jackson Period” (1932), “The Tragic Era” (1929), “Beveridge and the Progressive Era” (1922), and “The Spanish Adventures of Washington Irving” (1940), as well as of books on Thomas Jefferson: “Jefferson and Hamilton” (1925), “Jefferson in Power” (1936), and a third of the Jefferson trilogy, which is now almost completed. In 1926, the year of the centennial of Jefferson’s death, the Virginia Quarterly published an article by Mn. Bowriis, entitled “Jefferson, Master Politician.”
Gii.iieht Chinahi), French-born scholar of American history and literature, has been a professor at Brown University, the University of California, and Johns Hopkins, and is now Pyne professor of French literature at Princeton. His books include “Jefferson et lcs Ideologues” (1925), “Lcs Amiti6s Francaiscs de Jefferson” (1927), and “Jefferson, the Apostle of Americanism” (1928). He has also edited “The Commonplace Book of Thomas Jefferson” (192(5) and “The Letters of Jefferson and Du Pont de Nemours” (1931). In 1937 Mn. Chinard lectured at the Peace Pnlace at the Hague on the historical origins of American isolation, a subject which he also touches on in “An American Philosopher in the World of Nations.” This year Mr. Chixard delivered the Page-Barbour lectures at the University of Virginia on the later years of Jefferson. The present article derives in large part from one of these lectures.
Marik Kimhall has dealt with Jefferson in a light vein in such articles as “The Epicure of the White House” and “Jefferson’s Farewell to Romance,” which the Virginia Quarterly published some years ago. In this current article, “Jefferson’s Four Freedoms” (so named, she writes us, before the words got into the newspapers), she treats in a more serious fashion of the influences that turned Jefferson’s mind towards the solution of greater problems than merely legal ones and of his early work in establishing freedom in his native Virginia. This article, in a longer version, will form one chapter in Mrs. Kimrai.t/s latest book, “Jefferson: The Road to Glory,” which will be published in April.
Bernard Mayo is professor of American history at the University of Virginia, author of “Henry Clay, Spokesman of the New West” (1937), and of a recent book, “Jefferson Himself,” reviewed in this issue of the Virginia Quarterly. In “Jefferson Himself” Mit. Mayo presented “an intimate and rounded portrait of a great and many-sided American”; in “A Peppercorn for Mr. Jefferson” he shows the way in which Jefferson’s contemporaries in Washington and throughout the country saw the man during his years as President.
Beginning with the second number of the Virginia Quarterly in July, 1925, Gerald W. Johnson has been a frequent contributor of provocative essays and book reviews. In “The Changelings” he continues to upset established opinion by declaring that the usual irony that plagues American history has been at work in our conventional characterization of Jefferson and Hamilton. Mr. Johnson is an editorial writer for the Baltimore Sun. His most recent book, “Roosevelt: Dictator or Democrat?” was published in 191-1.
Both of the poets in this issue arc well known to readers of the Virginia Quarterly. Theodore Morrison is a member
of the department of English at Harvard University and the author of several volumes of poetry. Rohert P. Tristram Coffin writes that lie is about to renew hij youth like the eagle by instructing Array Air men who have come to Bowdoin t’o study meteorology. His new book of ballads, “Primer for Americans,” will he published this month.
Although Carleton Beals now lives in Connecticut, he is not a Yankee, hut a westerner, born in Kansas and brought up in California. Recently he has been revising the English version of “Men of America,” a forthcoming book by Ezcquiel Padilla, the Foreign Minister of Mexico, and he has also acted as consultant on various specific Latin American problems for several government agencies. His new novel, “Fort on the Amazon,” will be published this June. “A Modern Don Quixote,” like Mn. Beal’s earlier contribution to the Virginia Quarterly, “Serenade in Mexico,” reflects his knowledge of Mexico, gathered through long residence in that country.
Walter I/. Myers has contributed a number of studies of the contemporary novel to the Virginia Quarterly. In “0, The Hobby-Horse” he turns his attention back to the eighteenth century, feeling that “an appreciation of Uncle Toby, who always offers one a chance to smile and justify himself seriously, might have special value just now.” Mn. MvKns is professor of English at the University of Pittsburgh and the author of “The Later Realism.”
A native of North Carolina and professor of American history at the University of Chicago, Avery Craven has written extensively in the fid. 1 of Southern history. His latest book, “The Coming of the Civil War,” appeared during 1912,
Thomas Perkins Aiierxetiiy, professor of history at the University of Virginia and an advisory editor of the Virginia Quarterly Review, has written a number of books dealing with the American Revolutionary period. His present review of books on Jefferson is one of many contributions to the Virginia Quarterly. EroENE M. Kayden, professor of economics at the University of the South, served during the last war as consulting economist on the War Trade Board and in the Department of State as a consultant on Russian affairs. He is the author of “Consumers’ Co-operation in Russia before and during the World War.” Burton Ledoux, a native American of French-Canadian ancestry, is the author of “French Canada: a Feudal State,” which appeared in the Virginia Quarterly in Spring, 1941, and of other articles about French Canada and the Canadians.
Maxwkll Geismar is now on a Guggenheim Fellowship to write a companion volume to his recent book, “Writers in Crisis,” one chapter of which, a study of Hemingway, appeared in the Autumn, 1941, issue of the Virginia Quarterly. John
Stohck, after teaching for a number cf f years, first at Columbia and then at Satsl Lawrence College, resigned from the latj ter institution last year in order to wrJ a book to be called “Thinking for To. morrow.” This is his first contributioi to the Virginia Quarterly.
Jonx Calvin Metcalf, an advisory editor of the Virginia Quarterly since its inception in 1925, has been a frequent contributor of articles and book review;
James Southall Wilson, the first editor of the Virginia Quarterly Review, h « been since 1930 an advisory editor. «
The head of Jefferson used in this is-f sue is taken from a French engraving ii the Alderman Library at the University of Virginia, signed only “Cecile Fl. Fecit,”
THE VIRGINIA QUARTERLY REVIEW
Charlotte Ko/i/er, Managing Editor
James Southall Wilson John Calvin Metcalf
Garrard Glenn Thomas Perkins Arernethv
In the national service Archibald Bollinci Shepperson Hardy C Dillard
R. K. Goocn Frank A. Geldard
Ashley G. Davis, Secretary
A National Journal of Literature and Discussion published since 1925 on tk fifteenth of March, June, September, and December. Subscription rates: one year, $3.00; two years, $5.00. Canadian and Foreign: one year, $3.50; two years, $6.00. Single copies, 75 cents. Indexed in The Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literahn and in Public Affairs Information Service. Title page and annual index available in November.
Manuscripts must be accompanied by postage for return and addressed to Th « Editor. The magazine docs not assume responsibility for the views expressed bt contributors of articles.
All letters relative to advertising and other business matters should he ad’ dressed to The Managing Editor.
editorial and publication offices! one west range, charlottesville, viroisu
Here’s a marvellous convenient place for our > Jiearsul.”
Now that men’fl eyes are anxiously turned toward the future and tb peace that will follow this war, no more significant article could be presented to the thoughtful reading public than a reappraisal of the Versailles Treaty. “Versailles in Perspective” was written at the request of the editors of the Virginia Quarterly by President Charles Seymour of Yale University, who was a member of the American Peace Commission in Paris in 1918-1919.
The son of a Yale Professor, grand-nephew of President Day of Yale, and grandson of President Hitchcock of Western Reserve, Mr. Seymour was educated at King’s College, Cambridge, Yale, and the Sorbonne. He has been a member of the Yale faculty since 1911 and President of Yale since 1937. He has lectured in foreign universities on diplomatic history and is the author of such books on American diplomacy as “The Diplomatic Background of the War” (1916), “Woodrow Wilson and the World War” (1921), “What Really Happened at Paris” (with Colonel E. M. House) (1921), “The Intimate Papers of Colonel House” (1926-28), “American Diplomacy during the World War” (1934), and “American Neutrality: 1914-17” (1935). Mr. Seymour served as chief of the Austro-Hun-garian division of the American Commission to Negotiate the Peace, and was the United States delegate on the Rumanian, Jugoslav„ Czechoslovak Territorial Commission at the Peace Conference. He was recently appointed by the Governor of Connecticut as Chairman of the State Postwar Planning Board.
Believing that the Anglo-Soviet Treaty of last year has not received the attention it merits, Andreas Dorpalen brings out its salient points and implications in “Britain and Russia.” Mr. Dorpalen, who is a graduate of the University of Bonn, came to this country in 1936. A writer and lecturer on international affairs, he has been an instructor at Hunter
College and has just been appointed visiting assistant professor in the Foreign Area and Language Study Program of Kenyon College. He has contributed articles to various magazines and has published a book on geopolitics, “The World of General Haushofer” (1942). This is his first contribution to the Virginia Quarterly.
In “Big Four,” II. Clarence Nixon draws not only on historical fact and research, but also on personal knowledge, From December, 1918, to December, 1919, he was with the American Peace Commission in Paris. He writes: “I was transferred to this work from the Army and discharged at Paris in the rank of battalion sergeant major for civilian duty with the Commission. I was a reference and research clerk, part of the time in the Commission library and later in the office of the secretariat. This experience furnishes the basis for half of my article.”
Mr. Nixon is Lecturer in Social Science at Vanderbilt University, but though his primary activity is teaching, he devotes at’least one-fourth of his time to the Vanderbilt University Press, of which he is editorial chairman, An article by Mr, Nixon, “The New Deal and the South,” was featured in the last issue of the Virginia Quarterly.
David Cusiiman Coyle, who has written “The Beveridge Plan” for the Quarterly, is at present lecturing in England under the auspices of the British Ministry of Information. An engineer by profession, Mn. Coyle has acted as consultant to a number of government agencies, including the National Resources Copi-mittec, and the Senate Committee on Unemployment and Relief. He is the author of numerous books, including “Roads to a New America” and a Harper Prize winner, “The American Way.”
John Malcolm Brinnin is the author of two books of verse, “The Lincoln Lyrics,” and “The Garden Is Political,” both published in 1942. Lawrence Richard Holmes, a new contributor, writes that the sonnets in this issue of the Quarterly were conceived about five years ago while he was studying under Robert Hillyer, but that since then “they have undergone innumerable metamorphoses, even as the face of Europe has. ‘Fifth Column,’ originally called ‘Parasite,’ or something of that sort, antedates the Nazi Trojan Horse tactics in Norway, and was first suggested by the experience in natural history that constitutes the symbolism of the poem.”
Brendan Gill is a contributor of sketches and stories to various magazines. He is, he writes, “one of that rapidly dwindling number of adult American citizens who have never written a book.” “The Grand Good Man” is his first contribution to the Virginia Quarterly.
William Louis Poteat, alias “Billy with the Red Necktie,” was a familiar figure to Gerald W. Johnson, who graduated from Wake Forest in 1911, while Poteat was still president of that institution. An editorial writer for the Baltimore Sun, Mr. Johnson is the author of “The Wasted Land” (1937) and “Roosevelt: Dictator or Democrat?” (1941). A new book, “American Heroes and Hero-Wor-ship,” which develops entertainingly the ironies of American history, is being published this fall.
Warren Beck writes us from Wisconsin, where he is professor of English at Lawrence College, that “this essay, ‘Per-sonne,’ foreshadows, in its way, a series of essays I’d like to attempt on English romanticists and Victorians. I’ll not get much further on that, however, until the war is over and I am no longer supervising English courses for the hundreds of bluejackets in our Navy V-12 program.” Mn. Beck ia the author of “The Blue Sash and Other Stories,” published in 1941. A story by him, “Boundary Line,” will be reprinted in the “Best Short Stories: 1943.”
“There’s Something about a Soldier” was the last article that Edwin Corle wrote before joining the United States Air Force and thereby, as he writes, “discovering what it means to be a soldier.” It will be one of the chapters in a book on
the Grand Canyon country, to be called “Listen, Bright Angel,” which wiU be published as soon as war conditions permit him to complete it. Mn. Corle entered the army in March, 1943, received his basic training at Atlantic City, and is now completing special training at Fort Monmouth. “There’s Something about a Soldier” marks his first appearance in the Virginia Quarterly, but he has frequently contributed articles to magazines and has had seven books published, including “Desert Country ” (1941) and a novel “Coarse Gold” (1942).
The author of the first of the reviews, R. H. Gabriel, is professor of history at Yale University and author of “The Course of American Democratic Thought,” published in 1940, and other books. E. C. Ross, a member of the English department at Miami University, is mainly engaged in teaching foreign literature in English. “Next to the Russian,” he writes us, “I am probably most interested in the languages and literature of the Scandinavian countries.
Huhert Herring, author of “Good Neighbors” (1941) and “Mexico: The Making of a Nation” (1942), has been Director of the Committee on Cultural Relations with Latin America since 1926. Mn. Herring has spent a good part of the past twenty years in the Latin American republics, and during the past winter was in Argentina. Bernard Mayo, professor of American history at the University of Virginia since 1940, is the author of “Henry Clay, Spokesman of the New West” (1937) and “Jefferson Himself” (1942). His first contribution to the Virginia Quarterly, “A Peppercorn for Mr. Jefferson,” appeared in the Jefferson Bicentennial number of the magazine.
Dexter Perkins, whose reviews have frequently appeared in the Quarterly, is the author of several books on the Monroe Doctrine, the last of which is “Hands Off: The History of the Monroe Doctrine” (1941). Roderick Peattie is the author of a variety of text and research books, and has also published his autobiography, “The Incurable Romantic.” . His academic interests have run from
loDOCVl geology through regional and historical geography to his present interest in the psychological aspects of provincialism.
Rupert B. Vance is the newly elected President of the American Sociological Society. He has recently returned to the University of North Carolina after a year spent as visiting professor of sociology at Louisiana State Universitv. A new book by Mr. Vance, “All These People,” a study in the nation’s resources in the South, will be published shortly.
Edward Waoenknecht is the author of “The Man Charles Dickens,” “Mark Twain, The Man and His Work,” and, most recently, of “Cavalcade of the English Novel,” which has just been published. William Sener Rusk was instrumental in organizing the Middle
Atlantic States Art Conference, of which he was chairman in 1941. His volume on William Henry Rinehart, which appeared in 1939, was sponsored by the American Council of Learned Societies.
In June, 1942, the Mexican government invited Walter Pacii to lecture at the National University, as it had just twenty years before, in 1922. During the last year he also lectured on various art topics in Mexico under the auspices of the Inter-American Committee, and still found time for his own work of painting, for seeing places like ChicheV Itza and Tula, and for writing quite extensively for Mexican magazines. His review in this issue of the Quarterly will later appear in a Spanish translation in a Mexican journal, Cuadernos Americanos.
THE VIRGINIA QVARTERLY REVIEW
Charlotte Kohler, Managing Editor Advisory Editors
James Southall Wilson John Calvin Metcalf
Garrard Glenn Thomas Perkins Abernethy
In the national service Archibald Bollino Shepperson Hardy C. Dillard
R. K. Gooch Frank A. Geldard
Ashley G. Davis, Secretary
A National Journal of Literature and Discussion published since 1925 on the fifteenth of March, June, September, and December. Subscription rates: one year, $8.00; two years, $5.00. Canadian and Foreign: one year, $8.50; two years, $6.00, Single copies, 75 cents. Indexed in The Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature and in Public Affairs Information Service. Title page and annual index available in November.
Manuscripts must be accompanied by postage for return and addressed to The Editor. The magazine does not assume responsibility for the views expressed by contributors of articles.
All letters relative to advertising and other business matters should be addressed to The Managing Editor.
editorial and publication offices: one west range, charlottesville, virginia