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Paul Roazen


Normality and Nihilism

Normality is a concern invoked in everyday life by the insecure. Reality inevitably confronts us with the unexpected; Machiavelli went so far as to ascribe half of political life to the mysterious workings of what he called Fortune. To the extent [...]

Louis Hartz’s Teaching

Louis Hartz was the greatest teacher I ever had, and his death at the age of 66 in early 1986 has reminded me of the need to try to recapture his contribution and transmit it to others. He once was asked to write a short piece on teaching, and the [...]

Dostoevsky’s Journalism

Dostoevsky: The Stir of Liberation, 1860—1865. By Joseph Frank. Princeton. $29.50. It is hard to believe that more than ten years have already passed since the appearance of Joseph Frank's The Seeds of Revolt, 1821—1849, the first volume of hi [...]

Dostoevsky In Exile

Dostoevsky: The Years of Ordeal, 1850—59. By Joseph Frank. Princeton. $25.00 In the July 18, 1975 issue of the Times Literary Supplement, Joseph Frank published an astonishing critique of Sigmund Freud's 1928 essay on Dostoevsky. One had had susp [...]

A Savant and Servant of the Law

From the Diaries of Felix Frankfurter, with a Biographical Essay and Notes. ByJoseph Lash. Norton. $12.50. The diaries of Felix Frankfurter were found by Joseph Lash among the Justice's papers deposited in the Library of Congress. Frankfurter, an [...]

Biography At Its Best

Dostoevsky: The Seeds of Revolt, 1821—1849. By Joseph Frank. Princeton. $1650 ONE of the most remarkable features of this superb book is its Appendix, "Freud's Case-History of Dostoevsky," an essay by Joseph Frank which was first published in the [...]

Orwell, Freud, and 1984

Autumn 1978 | Essays

Although Freud started out as a heretic in terms of established psychology and medical practice, he gained an almost hypnotic effect on his followers and succeeded in establishing an orthodoxy which exerts its power even today, almost 40 years after his death. 

Freud’s New York

Psychoanalysis: The Impossible Profession. By Janet Malcolm. Knopf. $9.95 When Sigmund Freud paid his memorable trip to the United States in 1909, he spent a few days in New York City before going to Clark University for an honorary degree. A. [...]

Brooke and Strachey: Such Dear Friends

Friends and Apostles: The Correspondence of Rupert Brooke and James Strachey, 1905—1914. Edited by Keith Hale. Yale University Press. $35. This book of letters records a moving love story. Rupert Brooke and James Strachey first met as boys of [...]


Leonard and Virginia Wolf As Publishers: The Hogarth Press, 1917—41. By J. H. Willis, Jr. Virginia. $29. 95.Although I have long found publishing to be a fascinating enterprise, intellectually stimulating and financially interesting, this is the fi [...]

Tocqueville Studies

Tocqueville: A Biography. By Andre Jardin, translated by Lydia Davis with Robert Hemenway. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. $14.95. Tocqueville and the Two Democracies. By Jean-Claude Lamberti, translated by Arthur Goldhammer. Harvard. $50.00. Alexis de T [...]

Reflections on Edmund Burke

Edmund Burke: His Life and Opinions. By Stanley Ayling. St. Martin's Press. $19.95. The current state of the study of political theory is, I think, dismal. Yet Michael Walzer has reported in the Summer 1989 issue of Dissent that "more people are w [...]

A Partisan Biography

Anna Freud: A Biography. By Elisabeth Young-Bruehl. Summit Books. page=$2295 Young-Bruehl's first biography, Hannah Arendt: For Love of the World, attracted a lot of attention. But as a biographer she lacked critical distance; hers was a serious s [...]