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Peter F. Drucker

Peter F. Drucker (1909–2005) was an internationally prominent writer, thinker, and management expert who published more than forty books. He created the concept known as management by objectives. From 1971 to 2002, Dr. Drucker was the Clarke Professor of Social Science and Management at Claremont Graduate University. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest US civilian honor.


The Future of Industrial Man

Spring 1942 | Essays

This war is being fought over the structure of industrial society—its basic principles, its purposes, and its institutions. It has one issue, only one: the social and political order of the entirely new physical reality Western man has built up as his habitat since James Watt invented the steam engine almost two hundred years ago.

The Freedom of Industrial Man

Autumn 1942 | Essays

We fight today the revolutionary onslaught of an industrial despotism which has its roots in the failure of the basically pre-industrial nineteenth century system to develop a functioning industrial society. To overcome the totalitarian revolution we must overcome this basic weakness of the old order; we must answer the industrial despotism of "Wehrwirtschaft" with an industrial society that is both functioning and free.

Superstate and Superman

The Dual State. By Ernst Fraenkel. Oxford University Press. $3.00. Nictssche. By Crane Brinton. Harvard University Press. $2.50. What Nietzsche Means. By George Allen Morgan, Jr. Harvard University Press, $4.00. Darwin, Marx, Wagner. By Jacques Barz [...]

What Became of the Prussian Army?

Of all the delusions of the pre-Blitzkrieg era none seems stranger today than the firm belief of the democracies that the Prussian Army would stop Hitler. And few have done more damage. As late as last May—after the invasion of Norway and a few day [...]

Underwriting Central Europe

When the United States Senate repudiated the Versailles Treaty, and when the voters endorsed the repudiation in the election of President Harding, the American people were apparently determined to withdraw completely from the affairs of Europe, and t [...]