The great chronicler of the diplomatic method, Harold Nicolson, once wrote that the origins of modern diplomacy can be traced to the "determinant" influence of Cardinal Richelieu. Richelieu's achievement was the development of a coterie of trained "creatures" dedicated to promoting state interests through "ceaseless negotiation." By the time Richelieu died, in 1642, France had fostered a new class of diplomatists, and thus, somewhat inadvertently, had helped to pave the way for the great settlement of the Thirty Years War signed at Westphalia in 1648.
Every American general officer studies the work of Carl Von Clausewitz. The object of arms, Clausewitz taught, is always more than battlefield "success;" it is the construction of "a better kind of peace." To Clausewitz, war is a "stronger form of [...]
A kind of Brownian movement characterized U. S. foreign policy in the Reagan years. Officials acted randomly on what they believed to be the operant assumptions of "Reaganism," calculating what Reagan really intended, and cavorted from the America [...]
Like movie goers who saw last summer's thriller, Alien, observers of the Carter Administration's foreign policy have been presented with a creature whose inexorable and seemingly inexplicable transmogrifications both amuse and terrify. If those ill [...]